LAND AND LIVELIHOOD
CADAM has been working specifically with Dalits/Adivasis/Muslim community groups in the targeted 195 villages of 130-gram panchayats of 14 blocks in 11 districts of Bihar. In 2012-13, increased visibility and recognition of Akhil Bharatiya MGNREGA Mazdoor Union as CADAM representatives was observed which had facilitated community level processes and strengthened the village/gram panchayat and block/district unit of ABMMU. Total of 130-gram panchayat unit of ABMMU with approx 10,000 job card holders of Dalits/Adivasis/Minorities members become functional. The leaders/members of ABMMU were provided training and hand-holding support on leadership development.
The representatives of ABMMU made efforts for increasing participation of socially excluded groups in panchayats and addressing their inclusion. ABMMU actively participated in the gram-sabhas on 2nd October 2012 and 26 January 2013 in their respective gram panchayats and strengthened Panchayati Raj institutions. CADAM facilitated MGNREGA Social Audits in 28-gram panchayat and promoted transparency in resolving a range of grievances under MNREGA. Under the project, an awareness RozgarAdhikar Yatra (RAY) was organised for 25 days in Bihar. The yatra covered 195 villages spread over in 130-gram panchayat in 14 blocks of 11 districts. The Yatra helped in organising job cardholders of socially excluded groups urging the official to be sensitive and accountable. Daylong culmination meeting of RozgarAdhikar Yatra was organised on 20th June 2012 at KalidasRangalaya, near Gandhi Maidan, Patna under the leadership of ABMMU. The event in Patna was attended by nearly 1500 members/leaders of Akhil Bhartiya MGNREGA Mazdoor Union of 14 blocks, a representative from government departments, CSOs and INGOs. Krishna Mohan, Special Secretary, Rural Development Department, Bihar government, NACDAOR CEO, Ashok Bharti , MNREGA State Council, Bihar, Arti Verma, PACS Patna, Pravind Kumar Praveen, Oxfam India, Girish Peter, and Anindita Adhikari, , Consultant of Rural Development department attended the meeting as guest and addressed to participants. The culmination provided a common platform to MNREGA associated stakeholders and job card holders towards better implementation of MGNREGA in favour of Dalits/Adivasis/Minorities/women. The other purpose was to strengthen ABMMU and provide opportunities to members/leaders for placing their grievances and experiences related to MGNREGA of their respective areas. It provided an opportunity for the community members to present their experiences before the Rural Development department of Bihar, media functionaries and members of CSOs/INGOs.
State Level Networking meeting was organised on 29 August 2012 for the formation of a network of CSOs mainly from socially excluded communities. 47 Dalits led CSOs/NGOs representatives across the 23 districts of the state of Bihar participated during the meeting and showed their willingness to be part of the state-wide network of Dalits-led CSOs under the strong leadership of ABMMU, Bihar. The project successfully organised State Level Meeting “MNREGA in Bihar – Progress and Challenges” on 30th September 2012, in which nearly 600 job card holders including leaders/ members of ABMMU were present and observed the progress process of the stat by Amrit Lal Meena, Principal Secretary, Rural Development Department, Bihar Government. Gram Sabha Provisions and planning processes have been clearly demystified by Amrit Lal Meena and new hope was raised among the larger socially excluded communities groups. Village/gram panchayat specific concerns were prepared by the representatives of ABMMU were handed over.
More than 2000 Dalits participated in a program associated with the World Dignity Day program which is held annually on 5th December. They also participated in National Dalit Assembly organised outside the Parliament and suggested ways and means increasing the level of participation of Dalits, Backwards and Minorities in various structures, army, judiciary, administration and organisations and institutions deciding the policies of the nation. The organisation has been strengthening the collective identity and collective self-confidence of ABMMU, which is an important aspect of the organisation’s interventions towards the realisation of rights/entitlements under MNREGA as well as attainment of desired results.
In 2013-2014, Block level Training programs were organised were members of Akhil Bhartiya MGNREGA Mazdoor Union participated with a great sense of learning and building knowledge base. The contents of the training were related to MGNREGA and its implementation process, ways and means of filing demand applications and role of mate in MGNREGA. In addition to these, the participants were also trained on bookkeeping of ABMMU and organisational management. Right to Information and Prevention of SC/ST atrocities act were also discussed in the training.
A public hearing on MGNREGA was held on 11th March 2014, at Krishna Memorial Hall in Patna. 2500 MGNREGA workers of different districts of Bihar participated in the public hearing and presented their problems and concerns related to MGNREGA. A total of 25 live cases regarding the discrepancies in the implementation of MGNREGA from 11 districts were presented before the jury. This programme was designed to increase accountability, transparency and effectiveness in the implementation process of MGNREGA in Bihar. The recommendations of the Jury members of Public Hearing were shared with the Rural Development Department and other officials for follow-up action