Dalit/Scheduled Caste (SC) women, in India’s highly patriarchal and caste-based society, bear the triple burden of caste, class and gender. Being positioned at the lowest social order of Indian society, Scheduled Caste women suffer from many forms of discrimination, including lack of education, economic disadvantages, social dis-empowerment, domestic violence, political invisibility and sexual oppression. The stereotypic nature of Indian caste system declares Dalit women as intrinsically impure and untouchables, which sanctions social exclusion and exploitation.
Demographic Position of Dalit Women
The population of Dalit women in India is 9.79 crore which is 48.59% to the total Dalit population in India. The total female population in India is 58.7 crore of which 16.68% is Dalit woman’s population. Out of these, 7.4cr resides in rural and 2.3cr in urban settlement respectively. The growth rate of Dalit women has improved in comparison to the general women. The gender ratio of Dalit women in comparison to the Dalit men as per National census is 945 against 1000 men.
Tribal or Adivasi women are one of the most exploited and deprived sections of the population in Indian society. These constitute the most marginalised group and are facing extreme horrendous atrocities. They are often considered as primitive and uncivilized. Due to the close proximity with the natural habitat, forest as a major source of livelihood and traditional bondage and customs, they are sometimes even not considered at par with other human beings and treated willfully. They are subjected to systematic human rights violation on the basis of caste-based discrimination and civilizational subjugation respectively.
Demographic Position of Schedule Tribe Women
The population of Schedule Tribe women in India as per 2011, National Census is 5.18 crore which is 49.74% to the total tribal population in India. As per the 2011 National census, the total female population in India is 58.7 crore of which 8.83% is Tribal woman’s population. Out of these, 4.6cr resides in rural and almost 52 lakhs in urban settlement respectively. The growth rate of Tribal women has improved in comparison to the general women. The gender ratio of tribal women in comparison to the tribal men as per National census is 990 against 1000 men. The sex ratio among the Scheduled Tribes is 991 females to every 1000 males in rural areas and 980 females to every 1000 males respectively.
Strengthening leadership of Dalit and Adivasi women for ending violence against women and promoting women rights in society. The team observed International Day for the Elimination of Violence against women. Strengthening their voices and make them more accountable and participatory through training, workshops.